Thursday, 21st February 2019
The Association of History of Neonatal Death with Neonatal and Early Neonatal Mortality Rate: Implications for Identifying Vulnerable Group in Resource Constrained Economies
Reducing neonatal mortality rate (NMR) globally to 12 per 1000 livebirths by 2030 is one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). One effective way to achieve this is by identifying the most vulnerable population for targeted intervention. This is especially important for large resource constrained countries like India whose accelerated progress in reducing NMR will greatly move the world closer to the attainment of this SDG. We perform a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected National Family Health Survey round 4 (NFHS IV) data from India for 2015-16. We identify history of neonatal death as an important predictor for neonatal mortality in univariate and multivariate logistic analyses. NMR among livebirths with such a history was compared to those without, while adjusting for environmental, and biological risk factors, and factors related to antenatal care.